Bacterial Gene Profiling to Predict Antibiotic Resistance During Cystic Fibrosis Pulmonary Exacerbations
Pulmonary exacerbations (PEx) are key events that lead to a decline in health status among CF patients, with many never recovering to baseline health. With the advancement of new CFTR modulators and other therapies increasing the lifespan of those living with CF, it will become increasingly important to have better strategies to manage PEx in order to have better outcomes following treatment. PEx treatment decisions will need to take into consideration the increasing frequency of antimicrobial resistance bacteria and the need to treat multiple types of bacteria at once. The purpose of this study is to analyze sputum samples from CF ...
BIO 300 Oral Suspension in Previously Hospitalized Long COVID Patients
This is a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, two-arm study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of BIO 300 Oral Suspension (BIO 300) as a therapy to improve lung function in patients that were hospitalized for severe COVID-19-related illness and continue to experience post-acute respiratory complications associated with Long-COVID after discharge. Patients will be randomized 1:1 to receive BIO 300 or placebo.
Breath Condensate Study in Patients With Cystic Fibrosis.
There is an urgent need for a noninvasive method to diagnose bronchial infections and exacerbations in patients with Cystic Fibrosis (CF). The current method to diagnosed infections involves either collecting a sputum sample or obtaining a bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL). However, some patients cannot produce sputum. At the same time the decision of when a patient has an exacerbation continues to be very subjective. In this exploratory study, we propose a new, noninvasive method to diagnose bronchial infections and to evaluate possible markers of inflammation that can assist in a noninvasive way in the determination of exacerbations.
Cardiovascular Fibrosis in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis
Fibroproliferative diseases, including pulmonary, cardiac and vascular fibrosis share common pathogenetic mechanisms. Furthermore, cardiovascular comorbidities are frequently found in patients with IPF. However, the prevalence of cardiac and vascular fibrosis in patients with IPF have yet to be determined. Main Purpose of this study is to evaluate, with non-invasive methods (echocardiogram, endothelial function and pulse wave velocity) and blood biomarkers (galectins-3, osteopontin, periostin and pro-BNP), the presence of vascular fibrosis (vascular rigidity and endothelial function) and cardiac fibrosis (prevalence of HFpEF -...
Cefiderocol Pharmacokinetics in Adult Patients With Cystic Fibrosis
There is established evidence that adult patients with Cystic Fibrosis (CF) may have altered antibiotic pharmacokinetics compared with non-CF patients. Cefiderocol is a newly approved broad spectrum intravenous siderophore cephalosporin antibiotic, which has potent in vitro activity against multidrug resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Burkholderia cepacia complex, Achromobacter species, and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, all pathogens implicated in CF pulmonary exacerbations. This study will determine the pharmacokinetics and tolerability of cefiderocol in 12 adult CF patients admitted for a pulmonary exacerbation at one of 4 ...
Characterization of Antibacterial Antibodies in Patients With Cystic Fibrosis
Most of the cystic fibrosis (CF) patients are or have been pulmonary colonized with bacteria such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa or Staphylococcus aureus. Aim of this study is to detect virulence factor neutralizing antibodies in the sera of the study population followed by B cell repertoire analyses to design B cell-derived neutralizing monoclonal antibodies. The functionality of neutralizing antibodies rests on inhibition of virulence factors by binding of crucial epitopes rather than merely the induction of opsonization. Focusing on patients with bacterial colonization/chronic infections or a history of an acute infection in the past,...
Characterization of Pulmonary Microbiome in Cystic Fibrosis Patients
The composition and role of the pulmonary microbiota is not yet well described in cystic fibrosis patients. The objective of our longitudinal follow-up of primary colonised patients is to show the presence of a link between the composition of the microbiota and the effectiveness of antibiotic therapy. All patients followed at the Montpellier CF center will be asked to participate in this cohort. All patients have a regular follow-up every 1 to 6 months and will be asked at each visit to keep their sputum sample in excess of the analyses requested for their follow-up
Clinical and Basic Investigations Into Hermansky-Pudlak Syndrome
Hermansky-Pudlak Syndrome (HPS) is an inherited disease which results in decreased pigmentation (oculocutaneous albinism), bleeding problems due to a platelet abnormality (platelet storage pool defect), and storage of an abnormal fat-protein compound (lysosomal accumulation of ceroid lipofuscin). The disease can cause poor functioning of the lungs, intestine, kidneys, or heart. The major complication of the disease is pulmonary fibrosis and typically causes death in patients ages 40 - 50 years old. The disorder is common in Puerto Rico, where many of the clinical research studies on the disease have been conducted. Neither the full...
Clinical Course of Interstitial Lung Diseases: European IPF Registry and Biobank
Born out of the European Union 7th Framework Programme funded project European IPF Network (eurIPFnet), the European IPF Registry (eurIPFreg) has become Europe's leading database of longitudinal data from IPF patients, including control groups of patients with other lung diseases. The registry was initiated with the intention of creating a permanent and continuously growing record of well defined data on IPF in Europe, in order to increase the chances of finding better treatment options for this devastating disease. Clinical colleagues who would like to actively participate (both in terms of patient recruitment and data analysis)...
Clinical Efficacy and Safety of Autologous Lung Stem Cell Transplantation in Patients With Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic and ultimately fatal disease characterized by a progressive damage of lung structure and decline in lung function.This study intends to carry out an open, single-center, non-randomized, self control phase I clinical trial. During the treatment, lung stem cells will be isolated from patients' own bronchi and expanded in vitro. Cultured cells will be injected directly into the lesion by fiberoptic bronchoscopy after lavage. After twelve-month observation, the investigators will evaluate the safety and efficacy of the treatment by measuring the key clinical indicators.
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